What Are The Different Subtypes of Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a devastating mental disorder that can cause drastically different symptoms in those afflicted. Depending on the individual, symptoms can range from mild to extreme, from antisocial behavior to psychotic episodes. Since there is such a wide range of experiences with the same disorder, there are five different subtypes of schizophrenia. Below you can find the five most common subtypes of schizophrenia.


1. Paranoid Schizophrenia


Paranoid schizophrenia usually manifests itself in intense and nonsensical suspicion and the feeling of being followed or watched. They will focus on this delusion and become entirely preoccupied with it, sometimes experiencing auditory hallucinations that confirm their suspicions. The one positive is that most of the common symptoms of schizophrenia, such as disorganized behavior and speech patterns, are usually not present in those with paranoid schizophrenia.


2. Catatonic Schizophrenia


An individual with catatonic schizophrenia will either move too much or too little. If they are not moving, they will either sit motionlessly and resist any attempts to move them, staying rigid and stationary. If they are excessively moving, they will engage in purposeless movement, repeat what others say over and over, and mimic the movements of those around them. Those with catatonic schizophrenia may also make strange faces or body contortions, and engage in rocking, waving, or nail-biting. The instances of catatonic schizophrenia have decreased of late since these symptoms are mostly the result of untreated schizophrenia.


3. Residual Schizophrenia


Residual schizophrenics are not currently experiencing any of the more serious symptoms of schizophrenia, including no signs of hallucinations, disorganized speech, or catatonic behaviors. However, they will experience at least two minor symptoms, such as odd beliefs, trouble paying attention, withdrawing from society, and talking less.


4. Disorganized Schizophrenia


Disorganized schizophrenia is primarily distinguished by "disorganized" symptoms such as disorganized speech, behavior, and inappropriate behavior. This can include resisting eye contact, the inability to make facial expressions, incoherence, and trouble beginning or finishing a task.


5. Undifferentiated Schizophrenia


If somebody diagnosed with schizophrenia has trouble classifying themselves into any of the above subtypes but still experience symptoms, they will be labeled as someone with undifferentiated schizophrenia.


Schizophrenia Treatment at Alvarado Parkway Institute


No matter what subtype of schizophrenia applies to you or a loved one, it is absolutely essential to get treatment as soon as possible, as early intervention is the key to keeping the symptoms of schizophrenia manageable. Alvarado Parkway Institute offers schizophrenia treatment at our San Diego location. If you are interested in learning more, contact API today by calling (619) 485-1432.